Medial Collateral Ligament Rupture

Posted by on Sep 28, 2012 in Common Knee Problems |

The medial collateral ligament is the most commonly injured knee ligament. It runs on the inside (medial side) of the knee and is usually injured with a direct impact from the side. The medial collateral ligament has an excellent healing potential. It often only needs time to heal, but may require bracing in some instances. Surgery is usually not indicated. Sportsmen and women should be able to compete in 3-6 weeks.

Read More

Anterior Cruciate Ligament Rupture

Posted by on Sep 28, 2012 in Common Knee Problems |

The anterior cruciate ligament is a ligamentous stabiliser that runs through the middle of the knee. It is usually injured during sporting activities involving a sudden impact, forcefull sidestep or by landing in an uncontrolled way after a jump. Rugby is the most common sport causing ACL tears, but netball, soccer hockey and tennis also plays a role. The patient usually experience pain and rapid swelling shortly after the accident. You are...

Read More

Patellofemoral Pain

Posted by on Sep 28, 2012 in Common Knee Problems |

Patellofemoral pain is located centrally over the front of the knee. It is most pronounced during stair climbing, especially going down a staircase. The most common causes for anterior knee pain in adolescents are Osgood Slatters disease and Sinding Johannsen Larson’s disease. Both these conditions are associated with rapid growth at the growth plate during the adolescent growth spurt. They occur in competitive athletes and is due to overuse....

Read More

Meniscus Tears

Posted by on Sep 28, 2012 in Common Knee Problems |

The knee meniscus is a cartilage disk that lies inside the knee joint. There are two of these kidney shaped discs in the knee. Tears in the meniscus are a very common knee problem. They typically cause pain, clicking and slight instability in the knee. These symptoms are usually confined to a specific side of the knee. They can occur in young sports people as a part of sports injuries or they can occur in older patients as a part of knee...

Read More

Knee Arthritis

Posted by on Sep 28, 2012 in Common Knee Problems |

Knee artritis is characterized by thinning of the joint cartilage The thinning usually occurs over many years. The joint cartilage is the cartilage layer that covers the ends of our bones to form a joint. It is often confused with the meniscus of the knee or cartilage disc of the knee. It is important to understand that if the joint cartilage is worn or damaged, it causes bone to rub on bone and is a much more serious problem than meniscus...

Read More

Isolated Chondral Defects

Posted by on Sep 28, 2012 in Common Knee Problems |

An isolated defect in the joint cartilage differs from degenerative arthritis because it involves only a limited demarcated section of the joint surface. These lesions can lead to knee arthritis in the long run. The most common cause is trauma and osteochondritis dissecans. The patient’s age, activity level, size and location of the lesion and associated problems determine the treatment method. See attached videos: Articular cartilage problems...

Read More